Updated: May 6
Deforestation is the removal of trees from a forest and then using that land for another use like for making houses, farms or any other structure. It can also be defined as the conversion of forest to other land uses. The trees that are removed are cut down and put to various uses. Some of the main reasons for deforestation are overgrazing, mining, wildfires, agriculture and urbanization.
Unfortunately, we seem to be deforesting trees at an escalated rate in key rainforest ecosystems that encompass so much biodiversity. A lot of this is due to issues such as an increased rate of agriculture, which is the use of land for food cultivation. Land is being cleared in rainforest ecosystems in order to grow more food, and the overall system is not sustainable for anyone, including the people living in the communities.
Deforestation has wide range of effects. It negatively effects the humans as well as other living organisms living in forests. Deforestation can have long lasting impact on climate change and this, in turn, can affect the world’s food supply. Seeing this much negative impacts of deforestation, it should be immediately controlled/limited.
Deforested lands are now being planted again in some areas. Some of this replanting is done to restock trees to obtain wood in future and some replanting is done as a form of ecological restoration, with the reforested areas made into protected land.
Although forests may grow again after being cleared, this is not always the case, especially if the remaining forests are highly fragmented. In many parts of the world, especially in East Asian countries, reforestation and afforestation are increasing the area of forested lands. In Tanzania, the residents of Kokota have planted more than 2 million trees on their small island over a decade, aiming to repair previous damage.
It is the duty of all humans to save our forests as they are not only our savior but also a treasure.